[60] Kim, S.; Castillo, H. D.; Lee, M.; Mortensen, R. D.; Tait, S. L.*; Lee, D.*
From Foldable Open-Chains to Shape-Persistent Macrocycles: Synthesis, Impact on 2D Ordering, and Stimulated Self-Assembly.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, ASAP [DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b01805]

[59] Kang, T.; Kim, H.; Lee, D.* Triazoliptycenes: A Twist on Iptycene Chemistry for Regioselective Cross-Coupling To Build Nonstacking Fluorophores.
Org. Lett. 2017, 19, 6380–6383.

[58] Lee, B.; Park, B. G.; Cho, W.; Lee, H. Y.; Olasz, A.; Chen, C.-H.; Park, S. B.*; Lee, D.* BOIMPY: Fluorescent Boron Complexes with Tunable and Environment-Responsive Light-Emitting Properties.
Chem. Eur. J. 2016, 22, 17321–17328.

[57] Kim, S.; Jo, J.; Lee, D.* Conformationally Distorted π-Conjugation for Reaction-Based Detection of Nickel: Fluorescence Turn-On by Twist-and-Fragment.
Org. Lett. 2016, 18, 4530–4533.

[56] Park, B. G.; Hong, D. H.; Lee, H. Y.; Lee, M.; Lee, D.* Multichromophoric π-Conjugation: Modular Design for Gated and Cascade Energy Transfer. 
Chem. Eur. J. 2016, 22, 6610–6616.

[55] Skomski, D.; Jo, J.; Tempas, C. D.; Kim, S.; Lee, D.*; Tait, S. L.* High-Fidelity Self-Assembly of Crystalline and Parallel-Oriented Organic Thin Films by π–π Stacking from a Metal Surface.
Langmuir, 2014, 30, 10050–10056.

[54] Jo, J.; Olasz, A.; Chen, C.-H.; Lee, D.* Interdigitated Hydrogen Bonds: Electrophile Activation for Covalent Capture and Fluorescence Turn-On Detection of Cyanide.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 3620–3632.

[53] Jung, J.; Jo, J.; Laskar, M.; Lee, D. Stereodynamics of metal–ligand assembly: What lies beneath “simple” spectral signatures of C2-symmetric chiral chelates.
Chem. Eur. J. 2013, 19, 5156–5168.

[52] Lee, H. Y.; Olasz, A.; Chen, C.-H.; Lee, D.* Three-Stage Binary Switching of Azoaromatic Polybase.
Org. Lett. 2012, 14, 6286–6289

[51] Jo, J.; Lee, H. Y.; Liu, W.; Olasz, A.; Chen, C.-H.; Lee, D.* Reactivity-Based Detection of Copper(II) Ion in Water: Oxidative Cyclization of Azoaromatics as Fluorescence Turn-On Signaling Mechanism.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 16000–16007.

[50] Liu, W.; Huang, W.; Chen, C.-H.; Pink, M.; Lee, D.* Charge Injection and Transport in Metal-Containing Conducting Polymers: Spectroelectrochemical Mapping of Redox Activities.
Chem. Mater.  201224, 3650–3658.

[49] Hutt, J. T.; Jo, J.; Olasz, A.; Chen, C.-H.; Lee, D.*; Aron, Z. D.* Fluorescence Switching of Imidazo[1,5-a]pyridinium Ions: pH-Sensors with Dual Emission Pathways.
Org. Lett.  201214, 3162–3165.

[48] Opsitnick, E. A.; Jiang, X.; Hollenbeck, A. N.; Lee, D.* Hydrogen bond-assisted helical folding of propeller-shaped molecules: Effects of extended π-conjugation on chiral selection, conformational stability, and exciton coupling.
Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2012, 708–720.

[47] Vieweger, M.; Jiang, X.; Lim, Y.-K.; Jo, J.; Lee, D.*; Dragnea, B.* Conformationally Dynamic π-Conjugation: Probing Structure–Property Relationships of Fluorescent Tris(N-salicylideneaniline)s.
J. Phys. Chem. A 2011, 115, 13298–13308.

[46] Lee. D. “Chapter 4. Metal Chelation Chemistry” in Chemosensors: Principles, Strategies, and Applications; Wang, B., Anslyn, E. V., Eds.; John Wiley & Sons: Hoboken, 2011, pp 41–64.

[45] Park. B. G.; Pink, M.; Lee, D.* Fluorogenic N,O-chelates built on a C2-symmetric aryleneethynylene platform: Spectroscopic and structural consequences of conformational preorganization and ligand denticity.
J. Organomet. Chem. 2011, 696, 4039–4045.
[Dedicated to Ken Caulton]

[44] Lee, H. Y.; Jo, J.; Park, H.; Lee, D.* Ratiometric detection of mercury ion in water: accelerated response kinetics of azo chromophores having ethynyl ligand tethers.
Chem. Commun2011, 47, 5515–5517.


 [43] Lee, H. Y.; Olasz, A.; Pink, M.; Park, H.; Lee, D.* The art of stacking: structural folding and self-assembly of branched π-conjugation assisted by O–H···O and C–H···F hydrogen bonds.
Chem. Commun. 2011, 47, 481–483.
[Invited Contribution to the Emerging Investigators Issue]

[42] Lee, H. Y.; Song, X.; Park. H.; Baik, M.-H.; Lee, D.* Torsionally Responsive C3-Symmetric Azo Dyes: Azo–Hydrazone Tautomerism, Conformational Switching, and Application for Chemical Sensing.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 12133–12144.

[41] Liu, W.; Huang, W.; Pink, M.; Lee, D.* Layer-by-Layer Synthesis of Metal-Containing Conducting Polymers: Caged Metal Centers for Interlayer Charge Transport.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 11844–11846

 [40] Liu, W.; Lee, D.* Beyond the Cage: Divergent Assembly and Electropolymerization of Functionalized Borasiloxanes.
Polym. Preprints 2010, 51(2), 132–133.
[Invited submission to ACS Symposium "From Molecules to Macromolecules: Toward Self-Assembling Materials"]

[39] Jo, J.; Lee, D.* Turn-On Fluorescence Detection of Cyanide in Water: Activation of Latent Fluorophores through Remote Hydrogen Bonds That Mimic Peptide β-Turn Motif.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 16283–16291.

[38] Liu, W.; Pink, M.; Lee, D.* Conjugated Polymer Sensors Built on π-Extended Borasiloxane Cages.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 8703–8707

[37] Lee, H. Y.; Jiang, X.; Lee, D.* Kinetics of Self-Immolation: Faster Signal Relay over a Longer Linear Distance?
Org. Lett. 2009, 11, 2065–2068

[36] Jiang, X.; Lim, Y.-K.; Zhang, B. J.; Opsitnick, E. A.; Baik, M.-H.; Lee, D.* Dendritic Molecular Switch: Chiral Folding and Helicity Inversion.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 16812–16822.

[35] Jiang, X.; Park, B. G.; Riddle, J. A.; Zhang, B. J.; Pink, M.; Lee, D.* Torsionally Restricted Tetradentate Fluorophore: A Swiveling Ligand Platform for Ratiometric Sensing of Metal Ions.
Chem. Commun. 2008, 6028–6030.


[34] Riddle, J. A.; Jiang, X.; Lee, D.* Conformational dynamics for chemical sensing: simplicity and diversity.
Analyst, 2008, 133, 417–422.

[33] Jiang, X.; Vieweger, M. C.; Bollinger, J. C.; Dragnea, B.; Lee, D.* Reactivity-Based Fluoride Detection: Evolving Design Principles for Spring-Loaded Turn-On Fluorescent Probes.
Org. Lett. 2007, 9, 3579–3582

[32] Opsitnick, E.; Lee, D.* Two-Dimensional Electronic Conjugation: Statics and Dynamics at Structural Domains Beyond Molecular Wires.
Chem. Eur. J. 2007, 13, 7040–7049.

[31] Riddle, J. A.; Jiang, X.; Huffman, J.; Lee, D.* Signal-Amplifying Resonance Energy Transfer: A Dynamic Multichromophore Array for Allosteric Switching.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2007, 46, 7019–7022.


[30] Lim, Y.-K.; Jiang, X.; Bollinger, J. C.; Lee, D.* Molecular engineering of two-dimensional π-conjugation: Expected and unexpected photophysical consequences of simple particle-in-a box approach.
J. Mater. Chem. 2007, 17, 1969–1980.
[Invited contribution to the Emerging Investigators Issue]


[29] Lim, Y.-K.; Wallace, S.; Bollinger, J. C.; Chen, X.; Lee, D.* Triferrocenes Built on a C3-Symmetric Ligand Platform: Entry to Redox-Active Pseudo-Triphenylenes via Chelation-Driven Stereoselection of Triple Schiff Bases.
Inorg. Chem. 2007, 46, 1694–1703.

[28] Jiang, X.; Bollinger, J. C.; Lee, D.* Two-Dimensional Electronic Conjugation: Cooperative Folding and Fluorescence Switching.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128, 11732–11733

[27] Riddle, J. A.; Lathrop, S. P.; Bollinger, J. C.; Lee, D.* Schiff Base Route to Stackable Pseudo-Triphenylenes: Stereoelectronic Control of Assembly and Luminescence.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128, 10986–10987.


[26] Jiang, X.; Bollinger, J. C.; Lee, D.* How Bulky Is a Bulky Ligand: Energetic Consequences of Steric Constraint in Ligand-Directed Cluster Assembly and Disassembly.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 15678–15679.


[25] Riddle, J. A.; Bollinger, J. C.; Lee, D.* Escape from a Nonporous Solid: Mechanically Coupled Biconcave Molecules.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2005, 44, 6689–6693.


[24] Jiang, X.; Bollinger, J. C.; Baik, M.-H.*; Lee, D.* Copper clusters built on bulky amidinate ligands: spin delocalization via superexchange rather than direct metal-metal bonding.
Chem. Commun. 2005, 1043–1045.


Graduate and Post-Graduate Research

[23] Zhao, M.; Helms, B.; Slonkina, E.; Friedle, S.; Lee, D.; DuBois, J.; Hedman, B.*; Hodgson, K.*; Fréchet, J. M. J.*; Lippard, S. J.* Iron Complexes of Dendrimer-Appended Carboxylates for Activating Dioxygen and Oxidizing Hydrocarbons.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 4352–4363.


[22] Byrne, P. D.; Lee, D.; Müller, P.; Swager, T. M.* Polymerization of thiophene containing cyclobutadiene Co cyclopentadiene complexes.
Synth. Met. 2006, 156, 784–791.


[21] Lee, D.; Swager, T. M.* Toward Isolated Molecular Wires: A pH-Responsive Canopied Polypyrrole.
Chem. Mater. 2005, 17, 4622-4629.


[20] Lee, D.; Swager, T. M.* Defining space around conjugated polymers: New vistas in self-amplifying sensory materials.
Synlett 2004, 149-154.


[19] Lee, D.; Swager, T. M.* Defining Space around Conducting Polymers: Reversible Protonic Doping of a Canopied Polypyrrole.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 6870-6871.


[18] Lee, D.; Lippard, S. J.* Chapter 8.13 Nonheme Di-iron Enzymes in COMPREHENSIVE COORDINATION CHEMISTRY-II: From Biology to Nanotechnology; Elsevier Science: Oxford, U.K., 2003; Vol 8, pp 309–342.


[17] Lee, D.; Lippard, S. J.* Structural Flexibility within a Sterically Hindered Ligand Platform: Mononuclear Iron(II) Complexes as Subsite Models for Diiron(II) Centers.
Inorg. Chim. Acta 2002, 341, 1–11.  [Dedicated to Prof. Ken Raymond]


[16] Baik, M.-H.; Lee, D.; Friesner, R. A.*; Lippard, S. J.* Theoretical Studies of Diiron(II) Complexes That Model Features of the Dioxygen-Activating Centers in Non-Heme Diiron Enzymes.
Israel J. Chem. 2002, 173–186. [Dedicated to Prof. F. A. Cotton]


[15] Lee, D.; DuBois, J. L.; Pierce, B.; Hedman, B.*; Hodgson, K. O.*; Hendrich, M. P.*; Lippard, S. J.* Structural and Spectroscopic Studies of Valence-Delocalized Diiron(II,III) Complexes Supported by Carboxylate-Only Bridging Ligands.
Inorg. Chem. 2002, 41, 3172–3182.


[14] Lee, D.; Lippard, S. J.* Modeling Dioxygen-Activating Centers in Non-Heme Diiron Enzymes: Carboxylate Shifts in Diiron(II) Complexes Supported by Sterically Hindered Carboxylate Ligands.
Inorg. Chem. 2002, 41, 2704–2719.


[13] Bino, A.; Ardon, M.; Lee, D.; Spingler, B.; Lippard, S. J.* Synthesis and Structure of [Fe13O4F24(OMe)12]5-: The First Open-Shell Keggin Ion.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124, 4578–4579.

[12] Lee, D.; Pierce, B.; Krebs, C.; Hendrich, M. P.; Huynh, B. H.; Lippard, S. J.* Functional Mimic of Dioxygen Activating Centers in Non-Heme Diiron Enzymes: Mechanistic Implications of Paramagnetic Intermediates in the Reactions between Diiron(II) Complexes and Dioxygen.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124, 3993-4007.


[11] Tshuva, E. Y.; Lee, D.; Bu, W.; Lippard, S. J.* Catalytic Oxidation by a Carboxylate-Bridged Non-Heme Diiron Complex.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124, 2416–2417.


[10] Lee, D.; Lippard, S. J.* Synthetic Analogue of the {Fe2(μ-OH)2(μ-O2CR)}3+ Core of Soluble Methane Monooxygenase via Synthesis and Dioxygen Reactivity of Carboxylate-Bridged Diiron(II) Complexes.
Inorg. Chem. 2002, 41, 827-837.

[9] Lee, D.; Hung, P.-L.; Spingler, B.; Lippard, S. J.* Sterically Hindered Carboxylate Ligands Support Water-Bridged Dimetallic Centers That Model Features of Metallohydrolase Active Sites.
Inorg. Chem. 2002, 41, 521–531.


[8] Lee, D.; Sorace, L.; Caneschi, A.; Lippard, S. J.* Hydroxo-Bridged Cubane-Type Tetrairon(II) Clusters Supported by Sterically-Hindered Carboxylate Ligands.
Inorg. Chem. 2001, 40, 6774–6781.


[7] Lee, D.; Lippard, S. J.* Oxidative N-Dealkylation of a Carboxylate-Bridged Diiron(II) Precursor Complex by Reaction with O2 Affords the Elusive {Fe2(μ-OH)2(u-O2CR)}3+ Core of Soluble Methane Monooxygenase Hydroxylase.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123, 4611-4612.

[6] He, C.; Barrios, A. M.; Lee, D.; Kuzelka, J.; Davydov, R. M.; Lippard, S. J.* Diiron Complexes of 1,8-Naphthyridine-Based Dinucleating Ligands as Models for Hemerythrin.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 12683–12690.


[5] Lee, D.; Krebs, C.; Huynh, B. H.; Hendrich, M. P.; Lippard, S. J.* Valence-Delocalized Diiron(II,III) Cores Supported by Carboxylate-Only Bridging Ligands.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 5000–5001.

[4] Lee, D.; Du Bois, J.; Petasis, D.; Hendrich, M. P.; Krebs, C.; Huynh, B. H.; Lippard, S. J.* Formation of Fe(III)Fe(IV) Species from the Reaction between a Diiron(II) Complex and Dioxygen: Relevance to Ribonucleotide Reductase Intermediate X.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 9893–9894.


[3] Lee, D.; Lippard, S. J.* Structural and Functional Models of the Dioxygen-Activating Centers of Non-Heme Diiron Enzymes Ribonucleotide Reductase and Soluble Methane Monooxygenase.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1998, 120, 12153–12154.


[2] Lee, D.; Bang, H.; Suh, M. P.* Epoxidation of an alkene promoted by various nickel(II) multiaza macrocyclic complexes.
J. Mol. Cat. A 2000, 151. 71–78.


[1] Lee, D.; Suh, M. P. * ; Lee, J. W. Properties and crystal structure of square-planar R,S,R,S-(1,3,6,8,12,15-hexaazatricyclo[13.3.18,12]icosane)nickel(II) perchlorate and kinetics of its isomerization to the R,R,S,S-configuration.
J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 1997, 577-584.